In the Interests of K.T., C.T. Ka.T. and Ca.T. (B.T. and S.T. v State)

B.T. and S.T. appealed the juvenile court’s determination they abused the four children. The Court reversed holding the juvenile court erred in adopting a per se rule that striking a child with an object is abuse as that expands the definition found in Utah Code 78A-6-105(1)(a) and the Court precedent in the area requires evidence of harm beyond the fact of striking a child with a belt, as here, and the State failed to provide any evidence of physical or psychological injury.